What is varicose veins in the legs: pictures, symptoms and treatment tactics

Varicose veins of the lower extremities (LUNCH) is the kind of diseases that not only cause a lot of discomfort to the person, but also can greatly damage the appearance.

varicose veins in the legs

Meanwhile, the disease is a dangerous pathological condition that leads to severe lesions of the circulatory apparatus. Most often varicose veins of the legs affects people of middle age, from 30 to 40 years.

General characteristics and causes of varicose veins

Healthy human venous blood from the legs to the heart under pressure, which in normal condition is enough to overcome the gravity of the earth. In disorders of this mechanism, the body is forced to increase the pressure to the pressure of the blood.

As a result of this process is caused by the insufficiency of the valve, which is characterized by the flow of blood in the veins superficial to the depth. Since the pressure in the interior of the blood vessels is increased, their walls lose their elasticity, stretch and depleted, which leads to the formation of visible subcutaneous nodules of bluish color.

BRUNCH not only impairs the external condition of the feet, but entails a lot of complications, some of which is able to chain the person to a wheelchair, while others even lead to death.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins of the lower limbs:

  • High levels of progesterone in a woman's body. This hormone has a negative impact on the state of the venous walls and valves, making them weak and vulnerable.
  • Congenital abnormalities of the valves or vein walls, the lack of connective tissue, poor permeability of deep veins, genetic predisposition.
  • Tumors located on the feet, in the abdomen.
  • The injuries of the lower extremities.
  • Diseases of the endocrine system.
  • Thrombophlebitis.
  • Joint disease is osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.
  • Long-term use of hormonal contraceptives.
  • Sedentary lifestyle that often leads to congestive processes in the legs.
  • The increase in intra-abdominal pressure. Typically occurs when the pulmonary disease, or when frequent constipation.
  • The excess of weight.
  • Wear fitting clothes and shoes.
  • The presence in the diet of large quantities of high-calorie and-fat foods, lack of fibre of plant origin.
  • Not, frequent consumption of alcohol.

During pregnancy BRUNCH occurs especially often, as in this period there are global changes in hormonal levels and increase the body mass.

The men of this disease suffer from if your life style is associated with a lot of physical laboror a prolonged stay on my feet, apparatus operator, shippers, etc. are Varicose veins in the legs can occur as a result of some sports.

signs of varicose veins

Symptoms and early signs

Varicose veins of the legs is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • the appearance of pain in the legs: varicose veins during walking the pain is throbbing and hot, in a very quiet state an outbreak;
  • seizures at night;
  • visible changes of the skin of the legs dark spots, nodules, swelling, dryness of the skin;
  • a feeling of heaviness in the legs – which are like an explosion from within; it mostly happens in the evening after the working day;
  • thickening of the veins, which clearly show through the surface of the skin.

The number and the intensity of the symptoms depends on the stage of the disease – the more left untreated, the more pronounced will be the symptoms

The symptoms and progression of varicose veins of the legs shown in the photo below, on the basis of their stage and condition of the patient is assigned to treatment.

Delay of treatment is very dangerous to EAT. If not treat this disease, which can lead to the deformation of the structure of the muscles of the legs, the destruction of bone tissue and irreversible changes of the skin.

As the game progresses, the veins will be accompanied by such phenomena as the formation of a wide eczema and venous nonhealing ulcersthat can develop in gangrene. The consequences can be dire – leg amputation, poisoning of the blood and even death. But the greatest danger is the possibility of formation of a blood clot that can break and cause death.

When to see a doctor and that

Due to the high risk of complications arising from delayed treatment of LUNCH, go to a medical centre is necessary in the first sign of the disease – swelling in the legs, feeling of fullness, pain and other. Diagnosis of varicose veins phlebologists do, and in difficult cases – angiosurgeons.

diagnosis

Diagnosis

In the initial stages is manifested BRUNCH is not very bright. The people who write the pain in the legs and other symptoms (the fatigue, the hard work or age. A doctor only when there was already significant changes in my feet, the thickness of the swollen veins or nodes.

Define varicose veins based on these symptoms is not difficult for a specialist.

But in the majority of cases, a visual examination, the doctor is not limited and to appoint additional examination:

  1. Ultrasonic Doppler flowmetry, or studium, which allows to identify the blood flow and the fullness of the veins.
  2. In the early stages of LUNCH prescribed samples of pertusa, Chania, Troyanova, Satisfaction , and others which point to the development of varicose veins.
  3. Lebanonese, in which the measurement of the pressure within the veins.
  4. Scanning of the veins, the results of which can determine the condition of the venous valve and the wall.
  5. Venography. This procedure is run inside the veins of contrast medium with subsequent x-ray.
  6. Echo-deduxit sclerotherapy – vein injected sclerosant, and then scan them.
  7. Thermography – inspection by means of infrared radiation.
  8. Computer venography.
  9. Phleboscintigraphy examination of lymph nodes and veins with the use of radionuclides.
  10. Photoplethysmography – a survey with the help of photodiodes.

All types of survey never not prescribed. Varicose veins are usually quite easy to diagnose as in one or two methods that are determined by the physician according to the condition of the patient.

Methods of treatment of the lower extremities

In the comprehensive treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities includes the following methods:

  • conservative;
  • sclerotherapy;
  • surgical.

In addition, prescribed a special diet, exercises and physiotherapy.

treatment

Conservative

Conservative methods of treatment of varicose veins in the legs are only effective in the early stages of the disease. To improve the condition of the venous walls and valves can be assigned to the following care of the varicose veins:

  • Venotonics. These drugs improve the elasticity of the venous walls, restore the structure of tissues and increases the blood circulation in the legs.
  • Anticoagulants. These drugs reduce the clotting of the blood, thus preventing the thrombosis.
  • Creams and ointments with venotonic effect.
  • Antiplatelet agents. These funds to contribute to the "re-absorption" of blood clots.

In addition to medical therapy, can be assigned using compression underwear (how to choose?), a special diet of smoked, fried and fatty foods, and moderate physical exercise of Cycling, Running or normal walking.

At any stage of the disease needs to limit the visit to the baths and saunas, and do not sunbathe, because ultraviolet rays can have a harmful effect on the patient's condition.

Sclerotherapy

This method of treatment of varicose veins of the legs is that in the affected vein with a needle injected the drug, providing sclerotic action. Venous wall thus coalesce, and the blood in the vessel is stopped.

This procedure is done under anesthesia, after the end of the leg bandage. In the future, the patient is recommended to wear compression underwear to consolidate the therapeutic effect.

Surgery

Surgery of the varicose veins of the lower extremities is assigned to express the symptoms of the disease, when it puts in danger the health and life of the patient. Surgery if varicose veins are of various types:

  • The leg is 3 incision through which excised the affected vein.
  • Pulling the vein of the patient through the incision, followed by ligation of the nearby veins.
  • A ligation of the affected veins in the area of the valve.
  • Complete removal of varicose veins, the veins and venous ulcers. This is the most complex type of operation that is prescribed only in the most severe cases.

Varicose veins of the lower extremities is a very serious disease, the signs that have a 40% of adults. If the time does not begin treatment of varicose veins of mesh on the legs, the disease can lead to complete disability. Only under medical guidance and proper approach to treatment, which can prevent a number of serious complications of the disease.

09.09.2018