Swollen peripheral veins, disorders of blood flow causes a lot of pain. That is dangerous, varicose veins of the lower extremities symptoms, pictures and treatment will allow to solve a medical problem.
Causes of varicose veins of the lower extremities
The disease is characterized by the violation of the exit of the blood, the valves of closing, to be on the decline. As a result, a clot begins to exert pressure on the veins, which lose their elasticity properties, are beginning to emerge through the skin as the blue nodes.
Causes of varicose veins in the legs:
- the genetic predisposition;
- congenital weakness of connective tissue;
- diseases of the endocrine system, hormonal disorders;
- the lack of physical activity;
- work that requires prolonged static positions;
- regular stress, emotional stress;
- prolonged or chronic diseases accompanied by convulsions;
- the obesity of different degree;
- narrow door socks, stockings, shoes.
Varicose veins can be prevented if you regularly to monitor your health. The main recommendation is to observe the principles of a balanced diet, drinking regime and physical activity. To learn how to behave in situations of stress in a timely manner to treat colds.
The main symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities
It is important not to lose the first signs of the disease, the danger is asymptomatic in the initial stages. Appear after the first uncomfortable signs, in the absence of adequate treatment, aggravating added factors.
The most common symptoms of varicose veins:
- A feeling of heat in the legs, in the long run turns into a burning feeling, tingling.
- Heaviness in the lower extremities, pulsation of the veins.
- For the afternoon, edema, visible traces of socks and stockings.
- During sleep can have seizures.
- Dilation of the veins are visualized under the skin.
- Changes in the pigmentation of the skin of the feet.
- After the darkening of the skin feel thickened parts, a dangerous education of trophic ulcers.
In the last stages are added to the basic signs of eczema, dermatitis, epidermis becomes dry, have peeling. The increase in the temperature of the body, means that the pathology has reached the stage of complications. It is characterized by the skin, ulcers, thrombophlebitises, phlebothrombosises, venous bleeding at the slightest injury. Dangerous varicose veins of the lower extremities symptoms, pictures and treatment depends on the stage. When you run the course, you will have the surgery.
Stage and photos of varicose veins in the lower extremities
Depending on the extent of the state visually manifests a pattern characteristic. There is an international system for the identification of the stages of varicose veins, which klassificeret main features.
What are the stages of pictures of varicose veins:
- zero – visual on the surface of the skin, the veins are not visible, determine the disease can only be based on complaints – swelling, pain, leg, night cramps;
- for the phase 1 to the previous signs added barely visible venous the veins, often visible in the knee joints;
- from the 2nd stage starts, the classic manifestations of the disease, you can see the swollen veins, in seal, blue nodes, there are increased after prolonged sitting or walking in high-heel shoes, in this stage begin to form clots;
- the whole list of symptoms to 3 added to regulate the inflammation, the legs noticeably swollen in the night, in the morning as normal, so that after a few hours of repeated;
- phase 4 is characterized by trophic changes of the tissue, the concentration of the pigment leads to a dark, in some cases, almost black areas of the skin of the extremities, slight redness after moving to the skin atrophy, ulceration;
- 5 stage preserves all the signs, but trophic wounds are able to heal;
- 6 the stage of the ulcer cannot be healed, there is a risk of sudden death.
As a treatment of varicose veins ointments
All ointment varicose veins have a similar composition of the fatty base and the active active substance. The main objectives of the use of local therapy is to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, normalization of work of the valve. It also reduces the probability of the formation of blood clots, reduces the swelling and inflammation of the soft tissues, accelerates the healing of wounds and ulcers.
Effective treatment tablets varicose veins
In the initial stages of the application of ointments and gels. When protracted course requires the use of the drug therapy. The treatment prescribed by the doctor can recommend a comprehensive treatment, the most effective combination.
Folk remedy for varicose veins of the lower extremities
Proven home methods to let to get rid of the painful symptoms only in the early stages. When you run for a doctor consultation. In addition to the recipes for the normalization condition, we need to introduce regular exercise, walks in the open air, to stabilize the weight.
Effective folk remedy for varicose veins in the legs:
- a compress of green tomatoes rescued from the inflammation, reduces the appearance of nodules, restores pigmentation, sliced unripe tomatoes, to fix the bandage on overnight, the morning rinse with cold water;
- 50 gr. the drug then crushed in a mortar and pestle and pour 300 ml of vodka or alcohol, leave for 2 weeks in a cool place, stirring periodically intensely, after wetting it with a cotton pad is applied to the patient's vein, secured with a bandage, keep for 10-15 minutes;
- an unusual but effective way the treatment of varicose veins and cognac daily on an empty stomach to drink 50 gr. drink immediately after eating an Apple with seeds, in 30 minutes you can have Breakfast;
- gives good results juice therapy, most effective for the recovery of the veins the juice of spinach, carrot, celery, beet, promote the excretion of excess fluids, increased hemoglobin levels, tones up the walls, the preparation of juices just before serving, it is recommended to take a daily amount of 500 ml to improve the condition.
Threat, its consequences, varicose veins of the lower extremities requires medical supervision.